Today's Tip: How frequently should I have an eye exam?

You should get a dilated eye examination every year by an optometrist or ophthalmologist knowledgeable about and experienced with diabetes and diabetic eye disease. If your diabetes is not well controlled or you have an eye condition, your doctor may recommend more frequent eye exams.

Learn more about eye health here.

Yesterday's Tip: What should I do to prevent eye disease?

To prevent eye disease, keep your blood glucose levels as close to the normal range as possible. Tight control is best achieved with close consultation with members of your diabetes care team, careful attention to diet (especially portion control), regular exercise, medicine if necessary, and blood glucose monitoring on a regular basis.

Learn more about eye health here.

March 29, 2020: Why do I need to inspect my hands and feet daily?

You should inspect your hands and feet daily to check for the presence of cuts or scrapes, since these parts of the body may have decreased sensation due to neuropathy, and wounds may therefore go unnoticed.

Learn more about diabetes and skin health here.

March 28, 2020: How can I keep my skin healthy?

A large part of keeping your skin healthy involves maintaining practices that are good for your whole body, such as eating a balanced diet, drinking plenty of water, managing stress and controlling your blood glucose level. It is additionally important to keep skin well moisturized. The best way to moisturize is to apply lotion or cream right after showering and patting the skin dry.

Learn more about diabetes and skin health here.

March 27, 2020: How can I ensure that I’m getting enough calcium in my diet?

To meet your calcium needs, try to eat at least 2 to 3 servings of low-fat dairy products or other calcium-rich foods each day.

Learn more about bone health here.

March 26, 2020: Which types of activity will keep my bones strong?

Exercise, particularly weight-bearing activities where your body is working against gravity, can help keep bones strong. Weight-bearing activities include walking, dancing, climbing stairs and weight training.

Learn more about bone health here.

March 25, 2020: What are the most important nutrients for bone health?

Many nutrients, including calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, and vitamin K, are necessary to build healthy bones. The most important of these are calcium and vitamin D.

Learn more about bone health here.

March 24, 2020: What is one of the most important steps I can take for my health if I have diabetes?

If you have diabetes, quitting smoking is arguably the single best thing you can do for your eyes, heart, lungs, kidneys, dental health, etc.

Learn more about quitting smoking here.

March 23, 2020: I think I might have developed a foot ulcer. What should I do?

Get immediate attention and treatment for foot ulcers. Treatment may include oral or intravenous antibiotics to control the infection, as well as dressings and salves with lubricating, protective, antibiotic, or cleansing properties.

Learn more about foot ulcer treatment here.

March 22, 2020: What is one way to avoid getting athlete’s foot?

To help prevent athlete’s foot, it is always a good idea to wear slippers or shoes of some sort in public areas such as locker rooms or showers.

Learn more about foot care here.

March 21, 2020: How often should my HbA1c level be checked?

People meeting their diabetes treatment goals should have an HbA1c test at least twice a year, and those whose therapy has changed or who are not meeting their goals should be tested four times a year.

Learn more about HbA1c here.

March 20, 2020: My triglycerides are too high. How can I reduce them?

To lower triglyceride levels, reduce your intake of refined or processed carbohydrates, such as candy, table sugar, white flour and baked goods made with white flour. Substituting fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids (found in fatty fish such as salmon, sardines and tuna) may also lower triglycerides.

Learn more lipid-lowering strategies here.

March 19, 2020: How often should I exercise?

Once you get the OK to exercise from your health-care provider, try 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most, if not all, days of the week — even if you are not overweight.

Learn more about exercise here.

March 18, 2020: I’ve reached my goal weight. What should I do now?

If you are at a healthy weight, work with your physician to prevent weight gain. Develop strategies for weight maintenance and anticipate high-risk occasions for possible weight gain (for example, times of significant stress).

Learn more about weight management here.

March 17, 2020: I’m overweight. How much weight should I aim to lose?

Start with a weight-loss goal of 10% through dietary change, portion control and daily physical activity.

Learn more about weight management here.

March 16, 2020: What is one step I can take to lower my LDL cholesterol?

Replace saturated fat and trans fats in your diet with monounsaturated fats (up to 20% of calories) and polyunsaturated fats (up to 10% of total calories). To further lower LDL cholesterol, try adding plant stanols or sterols to your diet.

Learn more cholesterol-lowering strategies here.

March 15, 2020: If you use an insulin pen, what step must you take before each injection?

It is important to prime an insulin pen — also known as doing an “air shot” — to make sure that insulin is flowing properly and that there is no air in the cartridge or needle.

Learn more about insulin delivery devices here.

March 14, 2020: I’m afraid of needles. How can I use insulin?

For people who have trouble injecting insulin or who are afraid of needles, various injection aid devices exist that hide the needle or assist with inserting it into the skin. Before purchasing an injection aid, make sure that it is compatible with the type of syringe you use.

Learn more about conquering needle phobia here.

March 13, 2020: What are some signs that you need to use a different needle with your insulin syringe or pen?

Insulin leakage at the injection site or worsening blood glucose control may indicate that a syringe or insulin pen with a longer needle is needed.

Learn more about insulin delivery devices here.


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