Yesterday's Tip: I think I might have developed a foot ulcer. What should I do?

Get immediate attention and treatment for foot ulcers. Treatment may include oral or intravenous antibiotics to control the infection, as well as dressings and salves with lubricating, protective, antibiotic, or cleansing properties.

Learn more about foot ulcer treatment here.

March 22, 2017: What is one way to avoid getting athlete’s foot?

To help prevent athlete’s foot, it is always a good idea to wear slippers or shoes of some sort in public areas such as locker rooms or showers.

Learn more about foot care here.

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March 21, 2017: How often should my HbA1c level be checked?

People meeting their diabetes treatment goals should have an HbA1c test at least twice a year, and those whose therapy has changed or who are not meeting their goals should be tested four times a year.

Learn more about HbA1c here.

March 20, 2017: My triglycerides are too high. How can I reduce them?

To lower triglyceride levels, reduce your intake of refined or processed carbohydrates, such as candy, table sugar, white flour, and baked goods made with white flour. Substituting fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids (found in fatty fish such as salmon, sardines, and tuna) may also lower triglycerides.

Learn more lipid-lowering strategies here.

March 19, 2017: How often should I exercise?

Once you get the OK to exercise from your health-care provider, try 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most, if not all, days of the week — even if you are not overweight.

Learn more about exercise here.

March 18, 2017: I’ve reached my goal weight. What should I do now?

If you are at a healthy weight, work with your physician to prevent weight gain. Develop strategies for weight maintenance and anticipate high-risk occasions for possible weight gain (for example, times of significant stress).

Learn more about weight management here.

March 17, 2017: I’m overweight. How much weight should I aim to lose?

Start with a weight-loss goal of 10% through dietary change, portion control, and daily physical activity.

Learn more about weight management here.

March 16, 2017: What is one step I can take to lower my LDL cholesterol?

Replace saturated fat and trans fats in your diet with monounsaturated fats (up to 20% of calories) and polyunsaturated fats (up to 10% of total calories). To further lower LDL cholesterol, try adding plant stanols or sterols to your diet.

Learn more cholesterol-lowering strategies here.

March 15, 2017: If you use an insulin pen, what step must you take before each injection?

It is important to prime an insulin pen — also known as doing an “air shot” — to make sure that insulin is flowing properly and that there is no air in the cartridge or needle.

Learn more about insulin delivery devices here.

March 14, 2017: I’m afraid of needles. How can I use insulin?

For people who have trouble injecting insulin or who are afraid of needles, various injection aid devices exist that hide the needle or assist with inserting it into the skin. Before purchasing an injection aid, make sure that it is compatible with the type of syringe you use.

Learn more about insulin here.