Today's Tip: My triglycerides are too high. What should I do?

To lower triglyceride levels, reduce your intake of refined or processed carbohydrates, such as candy, table sugar, white flour, and baked goods made with white flour.

Learn more about triglycerides here.

Yesterday's Tip: I’m considering trying a low-carbohydrate diet. Are there any steps I should take in advance?

Yes — if you’re considering a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet for weight loss or blood glucose control, check with your doctor or diabetes educator first.

Learn more about nutrition and meal planning here.

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May 27, 2017: What causes ketones? And why are high ketone levels dangerous?

Ketones are formed when fat is burned for energy by the muscles. If you don’t have glucose available for fuel (because you are on a low-carbohydrate diet, for example), you will form ketones when your muscles burn fat. Having measurable amounts of ketones in the urine (or blood) is cause for concern. The problem with high levels of ketones is that they are relatively strong acids, and because of their acidity, their presence in the blood can reduce the ability of oxygen to bind to hemoglobin, the molecule that transports oxygen to cells that need it.

Learn more about ketones here.

May 26, 2017: What measures should I take at the end of a hospital stay?

Before you leave the hospital, make sure you have in writing what your medicines and doses should be when you arrive home. If some of the medicines you were taking before hospitalization are not on the list of medicines to take after, ask why. Also, ask your usual pharmacist to check your new combination of medicines for potential drug interactions or anything that you may be allergic to.

Learn more about what to expect during a hospital stay here.

May 25, 2017: What is the one of the most important steps you can take for your eyes?

If you have diabetes, quitting smoking is arguably the single best thing you can do for your eyes (as well as your heart, lungs, kidneys, dental health, etc.).

Learn more about eye health here.

May 24, 2017: What nutrients should I eat for healthy bones?

Adequate levels of many nutrients, including calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, and vitamin K, are necessary to build healthy bones. The most important of these are calcium and vitamin D.

Learn more about bone health here.

May 23, 2017: What should you do if you think you’ve developed low blood glucose?

If you think your blood glucose level is low, address the problem promptly. Stop what you’re doing, check your blood glucose level with your meter, and have a snack if necessary, even if you have to stop your car or interrupt a conversation to do it. If you don’t have your meter with you or can’t use it for any reason, go ahead and treat your symptoms of hypoglycemia without checking your blood glucose level first.

Learn more about hypoglycemia here.

May 22, 2017: Is there anything I should bring along when heading out to exercise?

Even if you’re just going for a walk or a bike ride, pop a small bottle of water, a snack, some money, and your basic diabetes supplies into a fanny pack.

Learn more about exercise here.

May 21, 2017: How often should I have an HbA1c test?

People meeting their diabetes treatment goals should have an HbA1c test at least twice a year, and those whose therapy has changed or who are not meeting their goals should be tested four times a year.

Learn more about HbA1c here.

May 20, 2017: I have a foot ulcer. What should I do?

Get immediate attention and treatment for foot ulcers. Treatment may include oral or intravenous antibiotics to control the infection, as well as dressings and salves with lubricating, protective, antibiotic, or cleansing properties.

Learn more about foot care here.