If you’re living with diabetes, you may be wondering what’s considered a normal blood glucose. In this “Healthy Living With Diabetes” video from Certified Diabetes Educator and Registered Dietitian Alison Massey, learn about normal blood glucose levels for people with and without diabetes, both fasting and after meals.
What is a Normal Blood Glucose?
Hi, I’m Alison Massey, Registered Dietician, Certified Diabetes Educator and Contributor to Diabetes Self-Management Magazine.
Today, I am going to answer the question “What is a normal blood sugar level?”.
The answer really varies, depending on whether or not someone has diabetes.
Normal Blood Sugar Level Without Diabetes
First, let’s talk about a person who does not have diabetes. A fasting blood sugar level for someone without diabetes is typically between 70 and 99 (milligrams per deciliter) mg/dL. Two hours after eating, blood sugar levels are typically less than 140 mg/dL.
Normal Blood Sugar Level With Diabetes
For a person with diabetes, the American Diabetes Association provides recommendations regarding blood sugar level target ranges. These recommendations are based on the levels that have been associated with a decrease risk in diabetes related complications. The fasting recommended range is between 80 and 130 mg/dL. Two hours after eating, blood sugar levels should be less than 180 mg/dL.
How to Monitor Blood Glucose?
A person with diabetes can monitor blood sugar levels at home in one of two ways. Either with a home blood glucose meter, like the one I’m holding here or with a continuous glucose monitor or CGM for short. I’m holding a CGM receiver here. It’s important to know where your blood sugar levels are day to day, in between your visits with your healthcare provider. A healthcare provider can give you guidance on when they suggest you might check your blood sugar levels at home.
To find out more information about diabetes and blood sugar, check out the resources on DiabetesSelfManagement.com and subscribe to Diabetes Self-Management Magazine.
More about What Is a Normal Blood Glucose?
The aim of diabetes treatment is to bring blood sugar ("glucose") as close to normal as possible. What is a normal blood sugar level? Find out here.
This blood sugar chart shows normal blood glucose levels before and after meals and recommended HbA1c levels for people with and without diabetes.
The challenge of managing your blood glucose is to balance all of the things that can raise your levels with those that can lower them so that your blood glucose level stays within a fairly narrow range.