The number of medicines approved to treat diabetes has grown tremendously recently, with several new classes of drug debuting within the past few years. This interview with diabetes drug expert Joshua Neumiller, PharmD, CDE, CGP, FASCP, provides an overview of medicines that have recently become available for diabetes management, including how these medicines work, common side effects, and the best candidates for their use.
If you have diabetes, chances are you’re taking some type of medicine to help control it. If you have Type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin. But with Type 2 diabetes, there are many options, ranging from no medicine to diabetes pills to non-insulin injectables to insulin. While you may be able to manage your diabetes with healthy eating, weight control, and physical activity, there’s a high likelihood that at some point, you may need to take medication, including insulin.
Regardless of the cause of high blood glucose, treatment for diabetes involves taking steps to lower it. That’s because chronic high blood glucose can lead to complications including impaired vision or even blindness, nerve damage, and kidney failure.
This article lists some of the medicines that can worsen blood glucose control, the reasons they have that effect, the usual magnitude of the blood glucose changes, as well as the pros and cons of using these drugs in people who have diabetes.