Diabetes Sick-Day Management

By Robert S. Dinsmoor | July 24, 2006 12:00 am

Flu season is at its peak, and for people with diabetes, it can be especially dangerous: Not only are those with diabetes more likely to get the virus, but they are three times as likely to end up hospitalized[1] from influenza and its complications. The illness can raise blood glucose and blood pressure levels due to the release of stress hormones and disrupt meal plans. Additionally, any sickness, and particularly one that causes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration, can trigger either diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)[2] or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS)[3]. To avoid having a garden-variety flu turn into something much worse, here are some guidelines to follow when you’re sick:

Want to learn more about preventing and managing the flu with diabetes? Read “Fight the Flu With Food,”[4] “Drugs to Prevent and Treat the Flu,”[5] and “Planning Ahead for Sick Days With Diabetes.”[6]

Endnotes:
  1. three times as likely to end up hospitalized: https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/managing/flu/index.html
  2. diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/diabetic-ketoacidosis/
  3. hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS): https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/diabetic-ketoacidosis/hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state/
  4. “Fight the Flu With Food,”: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/blog/fight-flu-food/
  5. “Drugs to Prevent and Treat the Flu,”: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/about-diabetes/general-diabetes-information/drugs-to-prevent-and-treat-the-flu/
  6. “Planning Ahead for Sick Days With Diabetes.”: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/about-diabetes/diabetes-basics/planning-ahead-for-sick-days/

Source URL: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/hyperglycemic-crises/sick-day-management/


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