Coronary Calcium Scan

A computed tomography (CT) scan used to detect the buildup of calcium in plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries. The results of the test help to determine a person’s level of heart disease risk. The coronary arteries are the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart… Read More “Coronary Calcium Scan”


A by-product of the manufacture of insulin within the beta cells of the pancreas. Insulin is produced from a protein called proinsulin, which consists of three chains of amino acids: the A-chain, the connecting peptide (or C-peptide) chain, and the B-chain… Read More “C-Peptide”

Brown Fat

A type of fat that converts stored energy into heat. Scientists believe that brown fat may hold the key to developing successful methods for losing weight. Fat contains two distinct types of cells. Brown fat cells have very high concentrations of mitochondria, which give them their distinctive color… Read More “Brown Fat”

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