Type 2 Diabetes




In Type 2 diabetes, there are two main underlying reasons for high blood glucose: insulin resistance[1], a condition in which the body does not use insulin efficiently, and insufficient insulin secretion by the pancreas. People with Type 2 diabetes usually do not show signs of autoimmune disease.

Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adults, but it is now occurring with alarming frequency in children. The growing epidemic of obesity in children is believed to be a major contributor to the increase of Type 2 diabetes in children. Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes are generally the same as those for Type 1 diabetes, but they may be much milder. In fact, many people with Type 2 diabetes are unaware that they have it. Other symptoms may include wounds that heal slowly, frequent infections, and, in adults, sexual dysfunction[2], including impotence.

Treatment for Type 2 diabetes may include taking oral medicines[3] to decrease insulin resistance and/or increase insulin secretion and taking other drugs to treat any diabetes-related conditions; it may also include taking insulin. Attention to diet[4] and regular physical activity[5] are important treatment components. Weight loss[6] can also help to reverse insulin resistance and lower blood glucose if a person is overweight.

Endnotes:
  1. insulin resistance: http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/Articles/Diabetes-Definitions/insulin_resistance/
  2. sexual dysfunction: http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/articles/Sexual-Health/
  3. oral medicines: http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/articles/Oral-Medicines/
  4. diet: http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/articles/Nutrition-and-Meal-Planning/
  5. physical activity: http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/nutrition-exercise/exercise/
  6. Weight loss: http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/articles/Weight-Loss/

Source URL: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/diabetes-resources/definitions/type-2-diabetes/


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