The ADA Issues New Nutrition Guidelines

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recently published new guidelines on medical nutrition therapy, or the use of diet to prevent or treat diabetes and diabetes complications. Published in the September 2006 issue of the journal Diabetes Care, the new guidelines are an updated version of guidelines from 2002 and 2004.

The new guidelines differ from the old in that they make specific recommendations for different groups of people, including people with prediabetes, women with diabetes who are pregnant or breast-feeding, older adults with diabetes, and people with complications of diabetes.


Some of the recommendations apply to everyone who has diabetes or is at risk of developing it. The ADA recommends that people with diabetes or prediabetes get individualized nutrition counseling from a registered dietitian. The guidelines also recommend regular physical activity to improve blood glucose control and help with weight loss or weight maintenance.

The recommendations include the following:

For people with diabetes or prediabetes who are overweight or obese

For people with prediabetes

For people with Type 2 diabetes

For people with Type 1 diabetes

The following are some of the recommendations for specific groups of people with diabetes:

For more information on the recommendations, talk to your doctor or dietitian. If you’ve never been to a dietitian before, ask your doctor for a referral. The dietitian will work with you to design a meal plan that takes into account your food preferences, blood glucose targets, and any other medical conditions you may have.

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Katharine Davis: Katharine Davis is a former Web Editor of (Katharine Davis is not a medical professional.)

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