Gluten-Free Diet Linked to Lower A1C in Type 1 Diabetes: ADA 2019


A gluten-free diet[1] was linked with lower A1C levels[2] (a measure of glucose control over the previous 2–3 months) and lower insulin demand in children newly diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes[3] (but without celiac disease), according to new research presented[4] at the American Diabetes Association 79th Scientific Sessions. Gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye and barley, causes an autoimmune reaction in people with celiac.

The nonrandomized study[5] included 46 participants between the ages of about 7 and 13. Twenty six were started on a gluten-free diet and 20 remained on a standard diet. After one year, subjects on the gluten-free diet required an average of 0.22 units less of insulin per kilogram of body weight per day and had A1C levels averaging 2.8% lower. There was no difference in daily carbohydrate consumption between the gluten-free and standard diet groups.

Want to learn more about A1C? Read “HbA1C: What It Is and Why It Matters,”[6] “Lowering A1C Levels Naturally”[7] and “How To Lower Your A1C Levels: More Steps You Can Take.”[8] And to learn more about celiac disease and the gluten-free diet, visit our sister site, Gluten-Free Living[9].

Endnotes:
  1. gluten-free diet: http://www.glutenfreeliving.ocm
  2. A1C levels: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/h-b-a-1-c/
  3. Type 1 diabetes: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/diabetes-resources/definitions/type-1-diabetes/
  4. new research presented: https://plan.core-apps.com/tristar_ada19/abstract/23b1b637ba2e46d4ad6b8619bbed6bac
  5. The nonrandomized study: https://www.endocrinologyadvisor.com/home/conference-highlights/ada-79th-scientific-sessions-2019/lower-insulin-demand-associated-with-gluten-free-diet-in-recent-onset-t1d/
  6. “HbA1C: What It Is and Why It Matters,”: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/h-b-a-1-c/
  7. “Lowering A1C Levels Naturally”: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/blog/lowering-a1c-levels-naturally/
  8. “How To Lower Your A1C Levels: More Steps You Can Take.”: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/blog/lower-a1c-steps-can-take/
  9. Gluten-Free Living: http://www.glutenfreeliving.ocm

Source URL: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/blog/gluten-free-diet-linked-to-lower-a1c-in-type-1-diabetes-ada-2019/


Diane Fennell: Diane Fennell has been an editor at Diabetes Self-Management magazine since 2003. She is currently the Editorial Director. (Diane Fennell is not a medical professional.)

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