A gluten-free diet was linked with lower A1C levels (a measure of glucose control over the previous 2–3 months) and lower insulin demand in children newly diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes (but without celiac disease), according to new research presented at the American Diabetes Association 79th Scientific Sessions. Gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye and barley, causes an autoimmune reaction in people with celiac.
The nonrandomized study included 46 participants between the ages of about 7 and 13. Twenty six were started on a gluten-free diet and 20 remained on a standard diet. After one year, subjects on the gluten-free diet required an average of 0.22 units less of insulin per kilogram of body weight per day and had A1C levels averaging 2.8% lower. There was no difference in daily carbohydrate consumption between the gluten-free and standard diet groups.
Want to learn more about A1C? Read “HbA1C: What It Is and Why It Matters,” “Lowering A1C Levels Naturally” and “How To Lower Your A1C Levels: More Steps You Can Take.” And to learn more about celiac disease and the gluten-free diet, visit our sister site, Gluten-Free Living.
Source URL: https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/blog/gluten-free-diet-linked-to-lower-a1c-in-type-1-diabetes-ada-2019/
Diane Fennell: Diane Fennell has been an editor at Diabetes Self-Management magazine since 2003. She is currently the Editorial Director. (Diane Fennell is not a medical professional.)
Disclaimer of Medical Advice: You understand that the blog posts and comments to such blog posts (whether posted by us, our agents or bloggers, or by users) do not constitute medical advice or recommendation of any kind, and you should not rely on any information contained in such posts or comments to replace consultations with your qualified health care professionals to meet your individual needs. The opinions and other information contained in the blog posts and comments do not reflect the opinions or positions of the Site Proprietor.
Copyright ©2021 Diabetes Self-Management unless otherwise noted.