Gluten-Free Diet Linked to Lower A1C in Type 1 Diabetes: ADA 2019

A gluten-free diet[1] was linked with lower A1C levels[2] (a measure of glucose control over the previous 2–3 months) and lower insulin demand in children newly diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes[3] (but without celiac disease), according to new research presented[4] at the American Diabetes Association 79th Scientific Sessions. Gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, rye and barley, causes an autoimmune reaction in people with celiac.

The nonrandomized study[5] included 46 participants between the ages of about 7 and 13. Twenty six were started on a gluten-free diet and 20 remained on a standard diet. After one year, subjects on the gluten-free diet required an average of 0.22 units less of insulin per kilogram of body weight per day and had A1C levels averaging 2.8% lower. There was no difference in daily carbohydrate consumption between the gluten-free and standard diet groups.

Want to learn more about A1C? Read “HbA1C: What It Is and Why It Matters,”[6] “Lowering A1C Levels Naturally”[7] and “How To Lower Your A1C Levels: More Steps You Can Take.”[8] And to learn more about celiac disease and the gluten-free diet, visit our sister site, Gluten-Free Living[9].

  1. gluten-free diet: http://www.glutenfreeliving.ocm
  2. A1C levels:
  3. Type 1 diabetes:
  4. new research presented:
  5. The nonrandomized study:
  6. “HbA1C: What It Is and Why It Matters,”:
  7. “Lowering A1C Levels Naturally”:
  8. “How To Lower Your A1C Levels: More Steps You Can Take.”:
  9. Gluten-Free Living: http://www.glutenfreeliving.ocm

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Diane Fennell: Diane Fennell has been an editor at Diabetes Self-Management magazine since 2003. She is currently the Editorial Director. (Diane Fennell is not a medical professional.)

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