What is one advantage of taking NPH insulin at bedtime?
Why is taking the right amount of basal insulin important?
Basal insulin is the steady, low level of insulin your body needs to function between meals. Getting the correct amount of basal insulin is essential to preventing both high and low blood glucose.
Rapid-acting insulin can lower blood glucose for as long as five hours, although it varies from person to person. If you plan on taking another dose within five hours of your last one, reduce it somewhat to lower the risk of hypoglycemia.
Take rapid-acting insulin with any amount of carbohydrate over 10 grams, including snacks.
If you plan to eat a long, drawn-out meal, consider taking half of your mealtime insulin at the beginning of the meal and the other half an hour or two later.
If you don’t know how much carbohydrate you will consume in a meal, consider splitting your rapid-acting insulin dose. Take enough insulin at the beginning of the meal to cover the amount of carbohydrate you know you will eat, then take more insulin as soon as you know you’ll eat more than that.
If your blood glucose is low before a meal, wait until 15 minutes after your first bite before taking your insulin.
If your blood glucose is high before a meal, calculate a dose of rapid-acting insulin to cover the high, then wait until that insulin begins to lower your blood glucose before eating. If you can’t delay a meal, check your blood glucose an hour before you eat and take a corrective dose then. Say what? There are so many steps left out of this answer that it verges on nonsensical.
When taking insulin, the thickness of fat under the skin at the injection site, exercising before or after an injection, and air temperature can all affect how quickly insulin is absorbed.
If you take rapid-acting insulin with meals, try taking it 5, 10, and 15 minutes before eating on different occasions, to determine which timing is best for you to control your postmeal blood glucose spike. Check your blood glucose level one, two, and three hours after your meal to gauge the effect.
If you are confused about what your blood glucose readings mean or about what could have caused a reading, go over them with a diabetes educator or with your health-care provider.
If caffeine appears to affect your blood glucose level, either keep your caffeine intake modest (but consistent), or work on cutting it out of your diet completely.
If you have trouble falling or staying asleep, try cutting down on caffeine, avoiding naps during the day, and getting regular exercise early in the day.
Always check the expiration date before starting a new vial or box of strips. Keep your strips sealed in their packaging and away from extreme temperatures.
If you notice a regular pattern of high blood glucose around the time of your period, talk to your doctor about making a monthly adjustment to your insulin or oral medicine regimen.
Check your blood glucose more frequently following intense or extended exercise, and reduce your long-acting insulin dose or consume an extra snack after the activity if necessary.
Yes. Part of your hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) action plan will likely be more frequent blood glucose monitoring, at least temporarily, to help determine why your blood glucose is high and what you can do to avoid future episodes of hyperglycemia. Reviewing the amount of carbohydrate in your meals and snacks may also be helpful in determining the cause of hyperglycemia.
Yes — just because you feel OK doesn’t necessarily mean your blood glucose is well controlled.
If you know that you will be eating more than usual, you may need to increase your insulin or fast-acting oral medicine dose prior to eating.
Substituting foods with a lower glycemic index for foods with a higher glycemic index in your diet will help to reduce your after-meal blood glucose spikes.
A fever, pain in the back or side below the ribs, nausea, or vomiting along with symptoms of a urinary tract infection may indicate that the infection has reached the kidneys.
Look for urine ketone strips that are come in individually-wrapped packets, which last longer than those that come packaged together once the package is opened. Since they may be used only sporadically, this can help ensure that they are not wasted.
One important role that vitamin C may play is protecting against damage to DNA within cells throughout the body. Good sources of vitamin C include guava, red and green bell peppers, kiwifruit, and oranges.
Avoiding all episodes of hypoglycemia may be impossible for many people, especially since maintaining tight blood glucose control brings with it a higher risk of hypoglycemia. However, although hypoglycemia can, at times, be unpleasant, don’t risk your health by allowing your blood glucose levels to run higher than recommended to avoid it.
In some cases, people who have had chronically high blood glucose levels may experience symptoms of hypoglycemia when their blood glucose level drops to a more normal range.
When you take insulin or a drug that increases the amount of insulin in your system, not eating enough food at the times the insulin or drug is working can cause hypoglycemia. Physical activity and exercise lower blood glucose level by increasing insulin sensitivity.
It can be crucial to the treatment of erectile dysfunction to determine whether the cause is mainly physical or psychological; to determine this, your doctor may want to discuss your feelings toward intimacy or to administer a physical test.
Yes — over the last few years, several new drug treatments for impotence have been developed; if you decide to seek treatment, the chances of success are now greatly improved.
Yes — getting exercise and controlling blood pressure and blood glucose levels can preserve and even improve sexual function in both men and women.
Yes. High blood glucose levels can contribute to the blockage or narrowing of blood vessels, which can restrict blood flow to the penis and cause erectile dysfunction. High blood glucose can also lead to neuropathy, damaging the nerve signals needed for an erection to occur.
Drinking plenty of fluids regularly, and urinating regularly, can help prevent urinary tract infections. Additionally, some evidence suggests that consuming cranberry and blueberry juices and vitamin C may help prevent urinary tract infections.
New to diabetes? Find out everything you need to know.
Many of the diabetes drugs approved for Type 2 diabetes are starting to be tested on people with Type 1, to see if they are helpful when used along with insulin.
Psychologists can help people deal with many challenges, including living with a chronic illness and managing their weight.
Learn more about what can contribute to the development of neuropathy and what can help with symptoms.
The Problem With the Problems With Obamacare
Diabetes or Weight — Which Comes First?