Tips on Diabetes Self-Management

A healthful eating plan and increased physical activity have not brought my blood glucose under control. What is the next step?


How much exercise should I aim to do each week?

Performing at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity a week and/or at least 90 minutes of vigorous aerobic exercise a week is recommended.

Learn more about physical activity here.


What percentage of my calories should come from fat? Show Tip


How can I lower my cholesterol level? Show Tip


How often should my cardiovascular risk factors be checked? Show Tip


What are some risk factors for cardiovascular disease? Show Tip


I'm starting a new job. What steps can I take to keep my diabetes under control during this transition? Show Tip


How often should I change the insulin in my pump reservoir? Show Tip


For how long can I use a vial of insulin? Show Tip


How can I ensure I'm counting carbohydrate accurately? Show Tip


Can stress have an effect on my blood glucose level? Show Tip


My blood glucose remains high long after meals. Why might this be? Show Tip


What is the best way to determine whether I have high blood glucose? Show Tip


How should I count fiber when determining how much insulin I need to cover a meal or snack? Show Tip


Will going on a gluten-free diet affect my diabetes regimen? Show Tip


Can celiac disease affect a person’s blood glucose levels? Show Tip


My doctor thinks I have celiac disease. Should I stop eating gluten-containing foods? Show Tip


A close relative was just diagnosed with celiac disease. Am I at risk as well? Show Tip


What factors should I consider when taking insulin to bring down a high blood glucose level? Show Tip


Should I keep my blood glucose level on the high side to prevent episodes of low blood glucose? Show Tip


My latest blood glucose reading was out of range. What could have caused this? Show Tip


My blood glucose level just keeps going up no matter what I do. What action should I take? Show Tip


Should I skip insulin injections on days I don’t feel well? Show Tip


Should I alter my medicine regimen on stressful days? Show Tip


How should I treat low blood glucose? Show Tip


How long can I use an open vial of insulin? Show Tip


What types of information should I include in a blood glucose logbook? Show Tip


What’s the best way to determine when to take a mealtime dose of insulin? Show Tip


How can I reduce after-meal spikes in blood glucose? Show Tip


My blood glucose is spiking after meals. What steps should I take? Show Tip


How can I tell if my blood glucose is spiking after meals? Show Tip


Start here if you're new to diabetes

New to diabetes? Find out everything you need to know.

Start with Diabetes Basics


Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring — Part 2: Technique

What Stress Is Doing to Your Brain

Diabetic Cooking: The Summer Issue

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