Diabetes Self-Management Blog

As an article published in The New York Times earlier this week (and blogged about on DiabetesSelfManagement.com by Jan Chait and Eric Lagergren) stated, controlling cholesterol and blood pressure levels are crucial for staving off heart disease in people with diabetes. And indeed, high blood pressure, or hypertension, is a hot topic right now, as multiple new studies have addressed the rate at which it is diagnosed, the damage it can do, and ways of lowering it.

Two new studies published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) this week focus on hypertension. The first found that hypertension—which is often referred to as the “silent killer” in adults because it produces no obvious symptoms—is very often undiagnosed in children and adolescents. The study included more than 14,000 people 3-18 years of age who over a seven-year period received at least three checkups at which their blood pressure levels were recorded. The researchers found that of the 507 children and adolescents whose blood pressure readings over that period met the criteria for high blood pressure, only 26% had received an official diagnosis of hypertension. Of the 485 children whose blood pressure fell into the prehypertension range (elevated blood pressure levels that have not reached the threshold for hypertension), only 11% had received an official diagnosis of prehypertension. Participants were more likely to be officially diagnosed with one of these conditions if they were older, taller, had been diagnosed with obesity, had a greater number of elevated blood pressure readings, or had higher overall blood pressure readings.

High blood pressure can be difficult to diagnose in children, for whom normal values vary greatly depending on age, height, and sex. However, doctors commenting on the study have expressed concern at the rate of underdiagnosis, which can set children up to have high blood pressure for decades without knowing it while it does damage to their hearts, kidneys, and other organs.

Another study published in the same issue of JAMA reviewed 44 previous studies about prevention and treatment of diabetic eye disease, or retinopathy. The studies included in the review were randomized and controlled, and the researchers followed up with their participants for at least one year. The review found that tightly controlling blood glucose and blood pressure levels are the most effective ways a person can prevent diabetic retinopathy and slow its progression.

Next week, DiabetesSelfManagement.com will report on two more studies that highlight ways people can control blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk through diet.

POST A COMMENT       
  

New Research Focuses on Blood Pressure Control (Part 1)
New Research Focuses on Blood Pressure Control (Part 2)


Comments
  1. There are no comments at this time.


Post a Comment

Note: All comments are moderated and there may be a delay in the publication of your comment. Please be on-topic and appropriate. Do not disclose personal information. Be respectful of other posters. Only post information that is correct and true to your knowledge. When referencing information that is not based on personal experience, please provide links to your sources. All commenters are considered to be nonmedical professionals unless explicitly stated otherwise. Promotion of your own or someone else's business or competing site is not allowed: Sharing links to sites that are relevant to the topic at hand is permitted, but advertising is not. Once submitted, comments cannot be modified or deleted by their authors. Comments that don't follow the guidelines above may be deleted without warning. Such actions are at the sole discretion of DiabetesSelfManagement.com. Comments are moderated Monday through Friday by the editors of DiabetesSelfManagement.com. The moderators are employees of Madavor Media, LLC., and do not report any conflicts of interest. A privacy policy setting forth our policies regarding the collection, use, and disclosure of certain information relating to you and your use of this Web site can be found here. For more information, please read our Terms and Conditions.


Heart Health
Which Butter (or Spread) Is Better? (07/28/14)
High-Salt Diet Doubles Heart Risk in Type 2 Diabetes (07/25/14)
One in Ten Heart Attack Patients Has Undiagnosed Diabetes (06/19/14)
When Blood Pressure Is Too Low (05/19/14)

Eyes & Vision
Focus on This: May Is Healthy Vision Month (05/14/13)
Drug Improves Vision in Diabetic Retinopathy (11/30/12)
Diabetes and Your Eyes — More Than Retinopathy (05/24/13)
FDA Approves Drug for Diabetes-Related Vision Loss (08/24/12)

Diabetes Research
High-Salt Diet Doubles Heart Risk in Type 2 Diabetes (07/25/14)
Whey Protein to Prevent After-Meal Blood Sugar Spikes? (07/18/14)
Metformin More Effective in African-Americans (07/10/14)
Diabetes Distress and Depression (07/09/14)

Diabetes News
High-Salt Diet Doubles Heart Risk in Type 2 Diabetes (07/25/14)
Whey Protein to Prevent After-Meal Blood Sugar Spikes? (07/18/14)
Metformin More Effective in African-Americans (07/10/14)
FDA Approves Inhalable Insulin (07/03/14)

 

 

Disclaimer of Medical Advice: You understand that the blog posts and comments to such blog posts (whether posted by us, our agents or bloggers, or by users) do not constitute medical advice or recommendation of any kind, and you should not rely on any information contained in such posts or comments to replace consultations with your qualified health care professionals to meet your individual needs. The opinions and other information contained in the blog posts and comments do not reflect the opinions or positions of the Site Proprietor.