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Sneaky Sodium: It’s Lurking Everywhere!
November 26, 2012
Hopefully you all had an enjoyable and relaxing Thanksgiving holiday. And hopefully you didn’t overindulge too much, but if you did, you’re getting back on track. If you ate a “traditional” Thanksgiving meal (plus leftovers), which usually includes turkey, gravy, stuffing, and the rest of the fixings, chances are you got more than your fair share of sodium.
OK, you may argue, but it’s one day out of the year! Well, not really. What many people don’t realize is that sodium stealthily hides itself in so many of the foods we eat every day, and not just in the usual suspects, like canned foods. Sodium is everywhere!
Why care about sodium?
This can be a serious problem for people with high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, or kidney disease. People with diabetes are more likely to have these conditions than people without diabetes. Also, some people are “salt sensitive,” meaning that when they consume a high amount of sodium, their blood pressure increases in response to the sodium. You can’t tell if someone is salt sensitive just by looking at them.
How much sodium do we need? And what’s too much sodium?
In case you’re wondering, the average daily sodium intake is about 3300 mg, but many people take in close to twice that amount. Obviously, most of us are probably taking in way more sodium than we need.
Where is the sodium coming from? You might be surprised.
Most of our sodium intake doesn’t come from the saltshaker, however. Instead, the majority of our sodium comes from foods we buy in the grocery store. Recently, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) looked at data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) on 7,227 Americans ages two and up.
The CDC team found that more than 75% of the sodium that we consume is added to the foods that we buy or to foods that we purchase in restaurants. Only about 5% of our sodium intake is added by us during cooking or with the saltshaker. Food manufacturers and restaurant owners love sodium because it helps to preserve food and, of course, adds flavor. To be fair, though, food companies are making an effort to cut back on the amount that they use.
Here are the top 10 “heavy hitter” foods that are laden with sodium, based on the CDC’s research:
• Bread and rolls: They contribute 7.4% of the sodium in our diets. Some breads contribute more than 200 mg per slice. Read the label for sodium and don’t assume that “healthy” breads are low in sodium.
• Cold cuts and cured meats: This isn’t so surprising, but deli meats like turkey, ham, bologna, bacon, and hot dogs contribute 5.1% of our sodium intake. Look for lower sodium versions.
• Pizza: Contributing 4.9%, pizza’s ingredients — cheese, sauce, the crust and meat toppings — are not exactly low in sodium. Making your own is the best bet.
• Fresh and processed poultry: 4.5%, thanks to chicken nuggets, fried chicken, and chicken plumped up with salt solution.
• Soups: 4.3%. Making your own is easy.
• Sandwiches and burgers: Big Macs, chicken sandwiches, and the like contribute 4%.
• Cheese: 3.8%. Use it sparingly!
• Pasta mixed dishes: Frozen pasta entrees and restaurant pasta meals contribute 3.3%.
• Meat mixed dishes: Meatloaf, chicken pot pie, and so on — 3.2%
• Salty snacks: Chips, pretzels, tortilla chips, crackers — 3.1%
Making our own food with fresh ingredients (and not a lot of salt) is the best way to slash sodium. But the reality is that we all use at least some convenience foods. Compare food labels between brands and whenever possible, choose the no-salt-added, low-sodium, or reduced-sodium versions. Cook with herbs, pepper, and other spices. And taste your food before you salt it. You really can retrain your taste buds to prefer less salt!
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