Diabetes Self-Management Articles

Some people with Type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose by eating well and exercising. Others need to take blood-glucose-lowering medicines. The articles below talk about how the different types of oral diabetes medicines work, what the benefits and potential side effects are, and how to use them safely.


Canagliflozin by Jennifer Goldman-Levine, PharmD, CDE, BC-ADM, FCCP

In March 2013 the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the drug canagliflozin (brand name Invokana) for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. It is the first drug approved in the United States belonging to a new class of drugs…


Dangerous Drug Combinations by Mark T. Marino, MD

People with diabetes often have a number of coexisting health problems. So in addition to insulin or diabetes pills, other drugs are often needed to control these problems—statins for high cholesterol, diuretics or beta-blockers for high blood…

Also inside: for Possible Drug Interactions

DPP-4 Inhibitors by Mark T. Marino, MD

DPP-4 inhibitors could play a significant role in delaying and possibly reversing the progression of Type 2 diabetes…


Drugs That Can Worsen Diabetes Control by Mark T. Marino, MD

One of the main goals of any diabetes control regimen is keeping blood glucose levels in the near-normal range. The cornerstones of most plans to achieve that goal include following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and taking insulin or other…


Exenatide and Pramlintide by Stacy Griffin, Pharm.D., and John Borders, M.D.

“A dream becomes a goal when action is taken toward its achievement.”

—Bo Bennett

In 2005, two new diabetes medicines—exenatide (brand name Byetta) and pramlintide (Symlin)—became available. Both…


Generic Drugs by Robert S. Dinsmoor

People with diabetes often take multiple drugs, including blood-glucose-lowering pills or insulin, blood-pressure-lowering pills, and cholesterol-lowering pills. The cost of all these medicines can really add up. One way to save money on medicines is to…

Also inside: What About Insulin?

How Much Do You Know About Metformin?

Metformin is a drug commonly used in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. Understanding the risks and benefits is key to using it successfully. Take this quiz to test your knowledge of this popular diabetes medicine…


Managing Your Medicines by Joshua J. Neumiller, PharmD, CDE, CGP, FASCP

Let’s face it: We all forget things from time to time. But forgetting to take prescribed medicines can have quite serious consequences…

Also inside: Resources

Metformin by Wil Dubois, BS, AAS, CPT, TPT

A month’s supply costs you about the same as a Starbucks latte. It’s one of the oldest drugs in active clinical use today, and it’s now the first-line drug for almost everyone with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes on the planet. Most of the millions of people who take it don’t give it a second thought, but humble metformin may well be the closest thing we have to a miracle drug…


One More Pill? by Joseph Gustaitis

If you’re already taking a few medicines, you might not welcome news that you should take yet another. But if a pill could save your life, you’d probably think about it…


Oral Medicines for Type 2 Diabetes by Patti Geil, M.S., R.D., C.D.E., and Laura Hieronymus, M.S.Ed., A.P.R.N., B.C.-A.D.M., C.D.E.

Taking care of your diabetes is a bit like building a home. With input from your diabetes care team contractors, you begin by drafting a well-thought-out set of blueprints and assembling all the tools you need to control your blood glucose levels…

Also inside: to view Oral Diabetes Medicines at a Glance and Effectiveness of Oral Medicines

Type 2 Diabetes Drugs by Joshua J. Neumiller, PharmD, CDE, CGP, FASCP, and Sally To, PharmD

In recent years, the number of medicines approved to treat Type 2 diabetes has grown at an amazing rate. To help you get a handle on this, this article briefly reviews all drugs currently approved in the United States for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes…


Updated Treatment Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes

In 2012, the American Diabetes Association (ADA), along with the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), updated its treatment algorithm (originally released in 2009) that recommends an order of treatment for Type 2 diabetes…

Also inside: Drugs for Treating Diabetes

Statements and opinions expressed on this Web site are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the publishers or advertisers. The information provided on this Web site should not be construed as medical instruction. Consult appropriate health-care professionals before taking action based on this information.

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