Diabetes Self-Management Articles

These articles cover a wide range of subjects, from the most basic aspects of diabetes care to the nitty-gritty specifics.

Links not loading properly?

Some of our pages use Portable Document Format (PDF) files, which require Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download Acrobat Reader for free, visit www.adobe.com.

Sign up for our weekly e-mail newsletter and receive a FREE GIFT! Enter your e-mail below.

Learn more

Learn more about diabetes

Links to help you learn more about diabetes.

Ask a diabetes expert
Other diabetes resources
Browse article topics


Lightening Up Your Holiday Favorites

Return to Article


Sugar and fat are what make many holiday treats taste so good. They’re also what can lead to high blood glucose and weight gain. But there are ways to get a great taste while replacing or reducing sugar, fat, or both.


Sugar is important in baked foods for browning, volume, tenderness, and moistness. Replace only part of the sugar with low-calorie sweeteners in baked foods like cakes, cookies, muffins, and quick breads.

Replace all of the sugar with low-calorie sweeteners when sugar is primarily used for the sweet taste. The following foods can usually be sweetened with only low-calorie sweeteners:

  • Fruit fillings for pies and cobblers
  • Custards
  • Puddings
  • Beverages
  • Frozen desserts
  • Sauces and marinades


Fat is important in baked goods for flavor, moisture, tenderness, and structure. Use low-fat yogurt or sour cream in place of regular sour cream in cookies and muffins. Replace half of the margarine, oil, or shortening in baked foods with fruit puree or applesauce in the following proportions:

  • ½ cup fruit puree (such as prune) to replace 1 cup fat
  • ½ cup applesauce to replace ½ cup fat

Replace 1 egg with 2 egg whites or ¼ cup egg substitute in baked or nonbaked foods.

Substitute low-fat or nonfat ingredients in nonbaked foods like banana cream pie, chocolate pudding, and chicken salad.

Reduce the amount of nuts by half in any type of recipe.



Return to Maintaining Your Health During the Holidays

More articles on General Diabetes & Health Issues



Statements and opinions expressed on this Web site are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the publishers or advertisers. The information provided on this Web site should not be construed as medical instruction. Consult appropriate health-care professionals before taking action based on this information.



Sweet-Smelling Breath Holds Promise as Tool for Diagnosing Diabetes
A simple breath test may be able to quickly and noninvasively diagnose ch... Blog

Chocolate to Fight Diabetes?
For people with diabetes — and many people without it — the hol... Blog

Why Me? Diabetes and the Story of Job
Once, I wanted to know where my illness came from. What had I done wrong? W... Blog

I've been experiencing high blood glucose a lot lately. Is there anything I can do? Get tip