Diabetes Self-Management Articles

These articles cover a wide range of subjects, from the most basic aspects of diabetes care to the nitty-gritty specifics.

Links not loading properly?

Some of our pages use Portable Document Format (PDF) files, which require Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download Acrobat Reader for free, visit www.adobe.com.

Sign up for our weekly e-mail newsletter and receive a FREE GIFT! Enter your e-mail below.

Learn more

Learn more about diabetes

Links to help you learn more about diabetes.

Ask a diabetes expert
Other diabetes resources
Browse article topics


Preventing Stroke

by Patricia Wren

When a person who is experiencing stroke symptoms first arrives at the hospital, he is given diagnostic tests to determine what type of stroke — ischemic or hemorrhagic — is occurring. This is critical because the treatments for different types of stroke are different.

Ischemic stroke. The most common type of stroke is an ischemic stroke (pronounced is-kee-mik), in which blood flow to the brain is cut off, commonly by a blood clot. Ischemic strokes are usually caused by atherosclerosis, the buildup of fatty deposits in blood vessels.

To treat an ischemic stroke, a clot-busting medicine — called tPA, or tissue plasminogen activator — is administered to break up the clot that is blocking the flow of blood to the brain. This medicine can prevent or minimize disability from stroke if properly administered within three hours of the onset of symptoms. If the three-hour window has passed, other medicines may be used, such as aspirin or warfarin. The blood vessel blockage can also be removed surgically, or a stent can be inserted into the clogged artery.

Hemorrhagic stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke (pronounced he-me-ra-jik) occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures and spills blood into the surrounding brain tissue. Risk factors for hemorrhagic strokes include having high blood pressure or an aneurysm (a ballooning of a weakened artery).

A person having a hemorrhagic stroke may experience severe headache, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, or coma. Hospital personnel will stabilize the person and monitor his condition. Medication can be given to relieve swelling and pressure on the brain, and a tube can be inserted into the aneurysm to ease severe pressure.

Being prepared
A person who is having a stroke often cannot help himself. That’s why it’s important for as many people as possible to know the signs and symptoms of stroke and to know to call for help as quickly as possible if they observe those signs or symptoms in another person.

Since diabetes puts you at increased risk of stroke, talk to the people you spend the most time with about that risk and about what they should do if they suspect you are having a stroke. Instruct them to call 9-1-1 immediately, even if they are not 100% sure you’re having a stroke. It’s better to go to the hospital for something that turns out not to be a stroke than to not go to the hospital for something that is.

Page    1    2    3    4    Show All    

Also in this article:
Eating Your Way to Lower Stroke Risk
Immediate Action Needed



More articles on Diabetic Complications



Statements and opinions expressed on this Web site are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the publishers or advertisers. The information provided on this Web site should not be construed as medical instruction. Consult appropriate health-care professionals before taking action based on this information.



Saturated Fat Linked to Accumulation of Dangerous Belly Fat
Eating saturated fat leads to the accumulation of more visceral fat and less muscle mass... Blog

Mediterranean Diet Plus Exercise Dramatically Improves Heart Health
Adopting a high-intensity interval training program along with the Mediterranean diet can... Blog

Sleep Duration Linked to Chronic Conditions
We have previously written about the connection between sleep and health, including the role... Blog

My insulin requirements have changed since I became pregnant. Why might this be? Get tip

Carbohydrate Restriction: An Option for Diabetes Management
Some people find that decreasing the amount of carbohydrate they eat can help with blood glucose control. Here’s what to know about this approach.

Insulin Patch Pumps: A New Tool for Type 2
Patch pumps are simpler to operate than traditional insulin pumps and may be a good option for some people with Type 2 diabetes who need insulin.

How Much Do You Know About Vitamins?
Learn what these micronutrients can and can’t do for you.

Complete table of contents
Subscription questions