Know Your ABCs

To know how you’re doing with your diabetes control, the American Diabetes Association advises you to “know your ABCs” – your A1C (an indicator of blood glucose control), your blood pressure, and your cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

The following “ABC” targets have been set for healthy adults with diabetes:

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A

A1C less than 7.0%, or lower if this can be achieved without significant hypoglycemia or other negative effects of treatment

B

Blood pressure lower than 130/80 mm Hg

C

Cholesterol and triglycerides

  • HDL cholesterol for men, higher than 40 mg/dl; for women, higher than 50 mg/dl
  • LDL cholesterol lower than 100 mg/dl, or lower than 70 mg/dl for people who have heart disease
  • Triglycerides lower than 150 mg/dl

If you are not currently meeting these targets, ask your health-care team for help in getting closer.